Transportation Logistics Management

Please follow directions or I will dispute!!!

Please answer original forum with a minimum of 250 words with Reference and answer e student separately with a minimum of 100 words each with Reference.

Don't use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
Transportation Logistics Management
Just from $13/Page
Order Essay

Page 1 or original Forum with References 
page 2 Mason Response with References 
page 3 Micheal Response with References 

Original Forum 

Historically, what was U.S. public policy toward freight transportation? What is different today?

Student response 

 Mason

U.S. public policy toward freight transportation
The United States public policy has ever since shaped freight transportation as it is being experienced even today. HOS ruled which were first issued in 1938 attracted some sense of controversy where the purpose was to enhance highway safety via minimizing truck driver fatigue (McNeeley et al., 2018). During this era, HOS rules required that operators of commercial vehicles to 10 hours driving session followed by 8-hour rest. Policies related to the truck speed limit and speed governor rules in 1901 (McNeeley et al., 2018). The policies also entailed reductions of the volume of fuel consumption during the energy crisis period. Afterward, this led to the Emergency Highway Energy Conservation Act in 1973 and a national limit of 55 miles per hour. After the repeal in 1994, the national limit to 65 miles per hour. In 1991, the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) required transportation planners to ensure that freight transportation requirement was put into consideration while establishing transportation plans among other investment decisions (Sciara, 2017). ISTEA was the basis for the end of Interstate Era and transfer of leadership specifically for transportation planning from the federal government to state and local ones.
Additionally, the National Intermodal Transportation System comprised of the unified transportation program. It consists of a National Highway System necessary for smooth movement (Najafi, Ardekani, & Shahandashti, 2016). Presently, some of the development relating to freight policies include the development of intercontinental railroad and construction of the Interstate Highway System. Besides, policies have been put in place to promote economic deregulation of the freights transportation industry and the implementation of ISTEA. In conclusion, there are various differences between public policies of the past and today, especially on among other things development of interstate highway system and railway system among other issues.
References
McNeeley, M. E., Godfrey, Y. S., Davies, K. S., Bell, T. P., & Lowry, S. G. (2018). Commercial Transportation. Mercer L. Rev., 70, 923. 
Najafi, M., Ardekani, S., & Shahandashti, S. M. (2016). Integrating underground freight transportation into existing intermodal systems (No. Report No. 0-6870-1).
Sciara, G. C. (2017). Metropolitan transportation planning: Lessons from the past, institutions for the future. Journal of the American Planning Association, 83(3), 262-276.

Micheal

Following the broad expansion of interstate rail transportation in the second half of the 19th century, the federal government of the United States began enacting formal transportation policy to combat the emergence of powerful railroad monopolies. With the passing of the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, a five member board known as the Interstate Commerce Commission was created to enforce federal anti-monopoly legislation (Interstate Commerce Act, n.d.). Although the initial authority of the ICC was relatively limited, over the course of the 20thcentury more laws were enacted to expand the commission’s enforcement powers over rail, motor, and domestic water transportation, in addition to freight forwarders (Coyle, Novack, & Gibson, 2016). From the time of its insemination, the ICC brought with it an expansion of federal regulations and an increasingly more invasive federal policy toward the transportation of freight in the United States. Further developments in transportation capabilities brought with them a corresponding growth in the ICC’s control over all modes surface freight transportation.
            Toward the end of the 20th century, US transportation policy shifted from a general policy of increasing strictness to one of deregulation. The ICC Termination Act of 1995 replaced the ICC with the Surface Transportation Board, an entity with significantly reduced regulatory powers, and left the market to generally govern its own rates and quality of services (Coyle et al, 2016). This shift in policy toward deregulation of freight transportation within the United States has mirrored a shift on the world stage toward globalization and free trade. The principles here have been fundamentally the same, that free trade and transportation of freight with limited governmental manipulations leads to better quality and prices throughout the market. The last two years have witnessed a divergence in the international trade policy of the United States, especially regarding the trade war with China. Yet this has been undertaken generally as a reaction to violations of free trade principles by the Chinese government, and gives no indication that the United States intends to completely abandon free trade practices, especially as it applies to domestic trade.  
References
Coyle, J., Novack, R., & Gibson, B. (2016). Transportation: A global supply chain perspective (8th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
Interstate Commerce Act (1887) document info. (n.d.) Retrieved from https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=false&doc=49

Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Order your essay today and save 25% with the discount code: COCONUTPlace Order
+
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp