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Citation and Bibliography Generator: While writing a paper takes a considerable amount of time, you may notice that writing your bibliography and citing the reference(s) you have used can also be pretty time-consuming. And we all know how precious time can be when you have to finish your paper by a due date. So, wouldn’t it be nice to have a citation and bibliography generator maker to make them faster? It certainly would!
APA citation style is widely used by writers all over the world to come up with powerful, concise, and persuasive scholarly materials. We have developed a comprehensive and easy to use guide that will make citing any materials in APA (American Psychological Association) very easy. In this guideline, we have stated the most important points as stated in the American Psychological Association (APA) seventh edition (2020).
An in-text is included in the body of the main text as a brief form of the reference. It refers to a direct quote or a paraphrase and it gives information that can be used to identify the source used from the reference list. It uses the author’s last name and year of publication (author-date system) for example: (Jones, 1998). In the case of a direct quotation, a locator should be included. The locator can be the page number, chapter, timestamp, paragraph, or anything else that can help identify your source. For example (Jones, 1998, p. 150)
The structure of in-text changes depending on whether a direct quote or parenthetical is used. The following are the two forms of in-text citation and bibliography generator.
APA style has guidelines regarding citing works by multiple authors. The in-text citation and bibliography generator is different when a source has an organization as the author or in a case of multiple authors. The most important thing is to note how punctuations are used in each case and the use of the ampersand (&) symbol.
|Author type||Parenthetical citation||Narrative citation|
|One author||(Jones, 1998)||Jones (1998)|
|Two authors||(Jones &Smith, 1998)||Jones and Smith (1998)|
|Three or more authors||(Jones et al., 1998)||Jones et al. (1998)|
|Organization||(Muttstreet, 2020)||Muttstreet (2020)|
The following steps will help cite text in APA style in a case where the author, publication date, or locator is unknown or missing.
|Missing element||What to do||Parenthetical citation|
|Author||Use the source title||(Source title, 2020)|
|Date||Write “n.d.” for “no date”||(Jones, n.d.)|
|Page number||You can omit the page number or use an alternative locator.||(Jones, 1998) or (Jones, 1998, chapter 4)|
A reference is a list of all sources used in a piece of writing and it consists of the name of the author, date of publication, title, and the source. You might be required to give extra information to help the reader locate the sources used depending on the type of source.
When citing a source, select the correct reference format. Learn the formats of the most common source types and take note of the use of punctuation, capitalization, and italicization. The following are some formats used in referencing different sources.
The format should be as follows:
Author surname, initial(s). (Year of publication). Title (ed.). Publisher location: Publisher
Mitchell, J.A., Thomas, M., & Coyne, R.P. (2017). A guide to citation. London, England: My publisher
Jones, A.F & Wang, L. (2011). Spectacular creatures: The Amazon rainforest (2nd ed.). San Jose, Costa Rica: My publisher
(ed)- stands for edition and is not included for 1st edition books.
For an E-book, referencing is similar to a book except that the publisher is changed for a URL.
Article or Journal
When citing a journal article, publisher and publisher location are not included. They are usually replaced by the title of the journal, page number, volume number, and issue number.
Author surname, initial (s).Article title. Journal Title, Volume Number (issue or part number), page numbers. DIO
DIO or Retrieved from URL is included in a case where the article can be accessed from an online source.
Mitchell, J.A. (2017). Citation: Why is it so important. Mendeley Journal, 67(2), 81-95
Many sources can be retrieved online but in most cases, the “website” format is not supposed to be used in citing these sources. Such sources include journal articles, books, and reports. The website format should only be used in the case where other reference categories can’t fit and it is the only option.
Author surname, initial (s). (Year, month day). Page title. Site name. URL
Follow the following steps to cite an online video.
Channel name. (Year, Month Day). Title of the video [Video]. Site name. URL
The following steps are used in citing a report in the APA format.
Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (Year, Month Day). Title of the report (Report No. xxx). Publisher. DOI or URL
NB: In a case where a source is written by an organization instead of a person, the organization’s name is included in the author’s position.
Some online sources do not have certain information that can be used in referencing. In these cases, the reference will be adjusted to match the available information.
|Missing information||What to do||Reference format|
|Author||The reference entry should begin with the source title.||Title. (Date). Source.|
|Date||“n.d” should be written to mean “no date”||Author. (n.d). Title. Source|
|Title||The work should be described in square brackets [ ].||Author. (Date). [Description]. Source.|
A reference page is the last page of a research paper or an essay that consists of a list of all sources used in writing the paper. The list begins on a new page and appears after the main body and before the appendices. It contains all sources cited in the main text.
The word “References” is written at the center of the first line of the page in bold. The references are then listed alphabetically from the second line. The following are the guidelines used in formatting the APA reference page.
The reference list should only contain sources that have been cited in the main text using an in-text citation. Do not include sources that can’t be accessed by the reader such as online private materials, phone conversations, or emails.