Self reflection in it truest sense education essay

Integrating a brooding pattern in one ‘s ain professional instruction methods, would be one manner to maintain up with the on-going assessments that should happen in any professional set up or larning experience. One could depict contemplation as looking back at past instruction experiences, either good or bad, and finding whether the experience could hold been better managed or taught. There is a clear differentiation between believing and reflecting. Thinking could be associated with a job and solution where as reflecting may non hold an absolute terminal consequence. Working as a instructor in a secondary school airss many jobs, and many inquiries that are really seldom answered. The job that surfaces with the thought of reflecting on 1s ain pattern is that we as instructors are non given the clip, or the motive to reflect more frequently, or more profoundly into our methods, learning manners or bringing of the course of study. The debut of standardization by manner of the National Curriculum towards the terminal of the 1980 ‘s and the beginning of the 1990 ‘s by the Conservative Government, has taken away the power from the single instructor in make up one’s minding what is of import. It could be argued it has reduced the instructor to nil more than a courier of a province controlled course of study. It besides suggests a concealed docket. Neary, M ( 2002 ) highlights the ‘hidden course of study ‘ and the attitude towards instruction and the map a school should play in fixing people for society. Neary, M ( 2002, p45 ) states Lynch 1989 ( 1989, p3 ) :
‘The peculiar societal dealingss they deem of import in the generative procedure are chiefly the hierarchal division of labor between instructors and scholars, the anomic character of scholars ‘ school work itself, and the atomization in work – reflected in the institutionalized and frequently destructive competition among scholars through continual and apparently meritocratic ranking and rating ‘ .
Neary, M argues that authors such as Bowles and Gintis have made connexions with a capitalist society and how this is reflected in the school system. It is of import to reflect on the course of study one Teachs and who decides what is ‘Really Useful Knowledge ‘ and how socially effectual this is for the scholars that we teach. The course of study that is offered at The Community College Whitstable is GCSE ‘S in all the nucleus topics, BTEC in Construction, Physical Education, Science, Drama, Science, Music, Business Studies, Travel and Tourism, Design and Technology, NVQ in Hairdressing, professional makings in Motor Vehicles ( IMA and ABC ) and A ‘ Levels. Students at The Community College Whitstable are progressively going familiar with BTEC instead than the traditional GCSE ‘S which are favoured by most Grammar and the top grade of other State schools. The logical thinking for this could be that province instruction is undergoing immense cardinal alterations through political and ideological mentalities. The National Curriculum was sought to increase the pupil ‘s acquisition, the House of Commons 4th study provinces ( 2008, p10 ) :

‘This papers basically identified four wide intents ; presenting an entitlement for students to a wide and balanced course of study ; scene criterions for pupil attainment and to back up school answerability ; bettering continuity and coherency within the course of study, and helping public apprehension of the work of school: ‘
The school province system has now moved on more than a decennary since that pledge and is presently at the Centre of a political inspection and repair. The Community College Whitstable is come ining more pupils onto the BTEC programmes than of all time before. Through contemplation of the stance and vision that the school is taking, and with respects to the increased flexibleness of the school course of study programme, one could see that schools such as The Community College Whitstable are progressively fighting to vie on national and local footings through GSE ‘S consequences. Therefore turning to BTEC ‘s is a manner to increase pupils consequences and travel up the conference tabular arraies. The popularity with BTEC ‘s are that they are all coursework driven and this does give them an advantage over GCSE ‘S which are portion coursework, and portion terminal of twelvemonth test towards concluding Markss. The coursework is internally marked and externally verified, pupils who would non hold had any opportunity of acquiring good consequences through GSES ‘s, stand a better opportunity with BTEC ‘s ( perchance acquiring 4 GSSE ‘s at A* – C class on another topic. ) The Community College Whitstable has been first-class in implementing the old Governments name for Vocationalism and Diversity in the course of study but is that all about to alter with the new Coalition Government.
It is of import to reflect on 1s learning of the course of study, cognition, bringing, larning manners and methods, if we are to come on and turn as a instructor or facilitator. At present there are no school guidelines to go a Brooding Practitioner but there have been many writers and professionals that have laid down theoretical accounts for brooding pattern to be incorporated into the course of study. Brookfield, S provinces ( 1995 p29 ) :
‘We have available four lenses through which we can see our instruction. These lenses are represented by the four pointers in figure 2.1. They are ( 1 ) our autobiographies as instructors and scholars, ( 2 ) our pupils ‘ eyes, ( 3 ) our co-workers ‘ experiences, and ( 4 ) theoretical literature. Sing what we do through these different lenses alerts us to falsify or uncomplete facets of our premises that need farther probe. ‘
For illustration utilizing a ambitious pupil as a instance survey who attends the vocational Centre is a good manner to reflect on Brookfield ‘s lenses. The pupil that I have identified has had domestic jobs and personal jobs that stem from his place life. The pupil has a low academic ability and falls into the class of extra excess demands, which would hold been recorded on his informations from appraisals conducted in cardinal phase two and three. I believe this pupil suffers from low ego regard and assurance which reflects his aggressive nature towards instruction and higher-ups such as instructors and people in authorization. The pupil was pushed into the vocational Centre because of stereotyping and the low standards needed to inscribe on the classs at the vocational Centre at The Community College Whitstable. Taking this into consideration and seeing it from the pupil ‘s eyes would assist all instructors deal with his/her disputing behavior with greater empathy and compassion, and in bend this would enable us to undertake these jobs with greater cognition. A minority of pupils may hold an atrocious place state of affairs and life in a societal environment that does non advance larning. Students may be come to school with that luggage of place life and may endure from a deficiency of assurance through low academic ability. Sing this state of affairs from a pupil ‘s point of position should promote us as instructors to be more thoughtful and tactful when covering with certain pupils. From my experience of working and learning at The Community College Whitstable, the pupils who chose vocational classs are by and large lower ability pupils. Although there are some exclusions to this, and at that place will ever be pupils who opt for vocational class who are academically bright. Students that are on the Construction courses at The Community College Whitstable may hold jobs that range from behavioral, societal and academic through to the medical and physical. Through my experience as a instructor, communicator or facilitator I have ever relied on my autobiographical acquisition, for illustration, learning pupils woodworking and joinery through my ain good experience as an learner and so traveling on to analyze at college. This contemplation into my past experiences has helped me to go a more rounded and competent instructor of the accomplishments of a trade that goes back many centuries. I believe that all instructors should utilize their autobiographical acquisition in their instruction because we can all retrieve the good instructors or the good teachers and employers. Our autobiography should organize the foundation of our learning methods and manners.
Peer appraisal is a important portion of a instructors larning experience either informal or formal, both of these tools are every bit of import. Teaching on the BTEC Level 2 Construction class involves two members of staff and each member has equal duty to internally verify each others work. Fifty per cent of all pupils work will necessitate to be cross referenced and internally verified. There are regular squad meetings and departmental meetings on marker, pupil ‘s public presentation, attending and behavior. These meetings have ever been a good manner to go through on shared cognition and to interchange thoughts and beliefs on the best ways of learning. Informal feedback from 1s co-workers can be merely as effectual, for illustration inquiring a co-worker to come into a category to detect a peculiar portion of the lesson can supply us with greater cognition of the state of affairs. By merely inquiring other instructors how they deal with job pupils can work out the enigma.
From my experience a co-worker had advised me to do up a seating program at the beginning of the lesson to battle bad behavior. The thought is that you have already taken control of the state of affairs and the pupil understands this and responds consequently. To this twenty-four hours the scheme has worked. Understanding how and why pupils behave in a mode requires understanding of human demands, this may non come of course to most of us, but the ability to reflect and to research is a tool all instructors have at their disposal. Completion of the Certificate of Education class in old old ages and now analyzing the BA Hons in Lifelong Learning, has put me on a acquisition curve utilizing theoretical literature that I am still researching and seeking to grok. This research into course of study political orientation, course of study alteration, cognition of instruction etc. suggests that instruction is non what it seems but a smokescreen for viing self-importances and constabularies from political parties at the helm of the state ‘s hereafter.
Brookfield ‘s Lenses challenges us to travel off from our point of position and to take onboard other interventions that may or may non do a pupils advancement or fail. Brookfield highlights the complexnesss of how we learn, and how the acquisition environment is ever affected by more than one issue. By going a Brooding Practitioner it can assist one understand the jobs that arise from the jobs instructors face. Brookfield identifies Reflective Practice as a manner in which instructors can do sense of the instruction system and the political invasions that occur in the course of study. He suggests that through critical contemplation we find our terms and are so able to hold an openness that benefits both pupils and instructor. The pupils can be really ambitious and will all hold their ain set of issues to cover with as lineations above. Using Brookfield ‘s Four Lenses to cover with a ambitious pupil would be one manner of detecting the true art of pedagogical instruction. Brooding Practice through Brookfields theoretical account would be good when 1 encounters a hard twenty-four hours. Peer rating signifiers an of import function in our instruction methods, Brookfield highlight this in his Four Lenses and provinces ( 1995, p35 )
‘Our co-workers serve as critical mirrors reflecting back to us images of our actions that frequently take us by surprise. As they describe their ain experiences covering with the same crises and quandary we face, we are able to look into, reframe and broaden our ain theories of pattern. ‘
This find through other instructors who deal with the same job pupils is really of import for a instructor to come on, and travel on in their chase of going a competent instructor. Brookfield ‘s 4th lens system focuses on theoretical literature whereby instructors and lectors should read more about the procedures of larning theory and research. Brookfield provinces ( 1995, p37 ) :
‘Reading a theoretical analysis that offers an alternate interpretative model for a state of affairs can be life salvaging – or at least, calling economy. Critical theory may assist us recognize, for illustration, that pupils ‘ neutrality is the predictable effect of a system that forces people to analyze staccato balls of cognition at a gait prescribed by course of study councils and license organic structures. ‘
Theoretical literature is covered by the leading squad at The Community College Whitstable in Staff Development eventides. From my experience this literature is used to warrant their scheme instead than to professionally develop a instructor ‘s head. Theoretical literature can assist instructors to still their frights and seek confidences from other professionals outside their on the job environment. Unfortunately excessively few instructors actively read theoretical literature on pedagogical instruction, from my experience reading and analyzing literature on behavior has been a great beginning of encouragement. Brookfield points out that the logical thinking for this is that the surveies carried out about learning in theoretical books are ever written by faculty members and non instructors. The old Government had realised this, the 4th study on the National Curriculum provinces ( 2008, p32 ) :
‘At the same clip, instructors need to be given a stronger sense that their ain inventions in teaching method can be valued. There is considerable support for the debut of some signifier of ‘pedagogic bank ‘ developed by instructors for instructors. ‘
In order for instructors to go a Brooding Practitioner or instructor they would hold to oppugn the footing of the Curriculum and the hierarchal establishment that administers it. This would convey them in direct struggle with the whole school system and the powers that control the system, both centrally through authorities, and straight through the senior direction of the school. This theory of oppugning the nucleus values of an educational establishment goes against the National Curriculum set up under the Conservative Government, where instructor control and powers are limited. In a universe where we are now used to following the regulations and codifications of administrations the true spirit of people power has been born out of us through Capitalism, Globalisation and laterality. If one was to take onboard brooding instruction and utilize it as portion of the course of study timetabling it would assist us to go better instructors and this would assist us learn pupils what we think is of import to them in the outside universe. Schon, D ( 1995, p332 ) argues:
‘What happens in such an educational bureaucratism when a instructor begins to believe and move non as proficient expert but as brooding practician? Her reflection- in-action poses a possible menace to the dynamically conservative system in which she lives. ‘
As mentioned earlier the ‘hidden course of study ‘ has many dockets, of all time since the debut of free province schooling in the 1940 ‘s the issue has ever been what should the pupils learn and why. Education was seen to be a manner to travel a state on from the injury of the World War and the deepnesss of desperation. The Education Minister at the clip was R. A. Butler. In a bill of exchange white paper ( 1943, pp182 ) he stated:
‘The new educational chances must non, hence, be of a individual form. Schools and classs must be available to accommodate the demands and aptitudes of different types of student or pupil. It is merely every bit of import to accomplish diverseness as it is to guarantee equality of educational chance. ‘
Although the Government were non straight involved in educational course of study there was a steadfast directive from the Government. Scholars throughout history have identified learning theoretical accounts and theories, armitage et Al ( 2003 ) identified five Models of Educational Political orientations: Classical Humanism, Liberal Humanism, Progressivism, Instrumentalism and Reconstructionism. Armitage argues that we as instructors need to understand these political orientations in order to take them on board and through this cognition we as instructors can put the acquisition experience for our pupils. Out of the five political orientations Reconstructionism seems the furthest off from our educational system and would accommodate the Developing World who need political orientations to draw themselves out of economical convulsion. Neary, M ( 2002 ) suggests that the Liberal Humanist political orientation has been the most relevant since the industrialized West evolved. Neary argues that this political orientation had favoured the private and higher classed schools such as the Grammar schools but non the State schools. Tony Blair ‘s New Labour Government and the educational political orientation could be coined with instrumentalism. The educational policies under Blair such as the Leitch Report ( 2006 ) are in maintaining with the instrumentalism armitage et Al provinces ( 2003, p209 ) :
‘The instrumental course of study sees knowledge in factual footings and is clearly lecturer/teacher/trainer led. Therefore, through instrumentalism instruction and preparation pupils are fixing themselves for their functions in the workplace and in society as a whole. ‘
This instrumentalism has had a major consequence on province schools such as The Community College Whitstable because since New Labour, Vocationalism has made its manner into Secondary schools and is now portion of the course of study for 14 twelvemonth olds. It remains to be seen whether the new Coalition Government are prepared to transport on these political orientations or follow another way. In a perfect universe the educational political orientation would be Progressivism Armitage et Al provinces ( 2003, p208 ) :
‘The course of study would be based around active problem-solving in a assortment of societal contexts and be constructed of subjects which interested and challenged pupils ( larning from experience ) with the purpose that people would larn how to believe for themselves, make determinations, cooperate and take part as shapers of a democratic society. ‘
The job that has arisen in the course of study today is that pupils are being spoon fed the information and that they can non believe for themselves. This is the consequence of the course of study being excessively narrow and excessively focussed on good consequence and attainment instead than pupils growing.
In order for our society or political administrations to make up one’s mind the destiny of our instruction system or the function it plays in how the pupils will be taught, curriculum research is carried out to determine the terminal end. Neary, M ( 2002 ) has highlighted two course of study theoretical accounts the Product Model and the Process Model. The Product Model is linked with behavior and Neary, M ( 2002, p60 ) cites Tyler ( 1949 ) ;
‘1. What are the purposes and aims of the course of study? 2. Which larning experiences run into these purposes and aims? 3. How can the extent to which these purposes and aims have been met be evaluated? 4. How can these learning experiences be organised? ‘
Under this theoretical account each inquiry will necessitate to be answered in order for the development of the course of study to be successful and achieve the ends and results intended. Harmonizing to Neary the theoretical account was non without its critics based entirely on the idea that a course of study can non be based on Behaviourism. Armitage et al provinces there was an alternate theoretical account for course of study development, the Process Model ( 2003, p203 ) :
‘This is an attack to curriculum which is interested in the procedures and processs of larning so that the scholar is able to utilize and develop the content, non merely have it passively. ‘
Neary, M states the Process Model focuses on ( 2002, p61 ) :
‘Teacher activities ( and hence the instructor ‘s function ) , pupil and scholar activities ( possibly the most of import characteristic ) , the conditions in which the acquisition takes topographic point. ‘
Students on the BTEC degree 2 Construction classs at The Community College Whitstable will hold a variable grade of both theoretical accounts in the class purposes and aims and the construction and bringing of the content stuff and appraisals. The BTEC Level 2 Construction classs will already hold predetermined purposes and results in which the scholar will hold to run into to fulfill the awarding organic structure, if they are to accomplish the making, this type of course of study falls in line with the Product Model. The BTEC does let for some liberty of the instructors because the faculties or units will hold to be personally written by the instructor or lector for the pupils to finish. This does reflect portion of the Process Model but the ego written units and bringing of the units have specific guidelines laid down by BTEC Edexcel.
Curriculum alteration and the political orientation behind it are really of import when sing a sweeping alteration of the National Curriculum for schools in Britain. With the debut of new makings, the appraisal of that is basically of import to the success and the length of service of the new set up. Knight, J Minister of province schools ( 14-19 ) provinces ( 2008, p1 ) :
‘Many schools are already seeing the benefits of utilizing appraisal for larning patterns and resources, but I want all schools to hold entree to high-quality preparation and support so that appraisal for acquisition can be embedded in all schoolrooms. ‘
The old Labour Government had targeted appraisal as the manner frontward for schools to undertake pupil ‘s weaknesss. Harmonizing to the section for Children, Schools and Families ( 2008 ) the appraisal for larning championed by Labour would enable pupils, instructors, parents and schools to cognize how the pupil is executing, where they should be and how they are traveling to accomplish a satisfactory degree of public presentation. For schools this meant that the construction would be crystalline for all to see. For instructors they would now hold a foundation to work from and be able to prove pupils intermittently against the in agreement appraisals and standards that are laid down by Government organic structures. There are many ways to prove pupils runing from summational testing ( terminal of twelvemonth test ) , to formative testing: this could be conducted in the schoolroom and workshops, and initial testing which would be carried out at the beginning of the class. The nucleus inquiry that needs to be answered when assessing is, are the agencies of proving dependable and valid? Armitage et Al ( 2003, p 157 ) provinces:
‘A valid appraisal method is one which tests whether the purposes and aims of a learning experience have been achieved. ‘
The BTEC degree 2 Construction class that is taught at The Community College Whitstable has assorted signifiers of appraisal in order for the pupil to finish the units for that peculiar class. Currently pupils will hold to go through six units in which three are theory units, and three are practical units. The theory units are taught on a modular footing, one time the pupil has completed one unit they move onto the following 1. The units are broken down into three smaller balls of appraisal so that it is easier for the pupils to digest and use themselves and come on through the scaling system. The rating systems start with a base on balls and so travel onto a virtue and eventually a differentiation. This sort of appraisal follows the standard referenced path of appraisals, the pupils will hold a set of inquiries and each inquiry will hold base on balls, virtue or differentiation attached to it. The pupils can lucubrate on their replies and accomplish a higher mark or class. The pronounced work is so marked by the assessor and so internally verified by a co-worker learning the same class. This is indispensable for the appraisal procedure to be made valid and dependable. The practical elements of the BTEC degree 2 Construction class are marked by the assessor every bit shortly as the pupils has achieved the purpose, which could run from constructing a Flemish Bond wall, doing a panel door or preparing and painting a booth. The instructor ( assessor ) will immediately tag their piece of work in line with the class specification and rate the pupils a fail, base on balls, virtue or differentiation. This appraisal is in maintaining with a competency based expression which is similar with NVQ ‘s. There have been unfavorable judgments of this sort of competency based proving Armitage et Al ( 2003, p166 ) provinces:
‘Some argue that a competence-based system makes larning assessment-led. That is, for pupils at least, one oculus is ever on the competences that have yet to be awarded and the full class of survey the becomes skewed towards clicking off such competences. ‘
The pupils at The Community College Whitstable could place with this unfavorable judgment as we as instructors are pushed to increase accomplishments and base on balls makings instead than doing certain that the pupil is ready equipped for the outside universe. Assessment schemes and the dependability and cogency have become an issue with new Coalition Government. An independent reappraisal conducted by Sir Richard Sykes ( 2010p3 ) provinces ;
‘There is an compulsion with measuring, puting quantitative marks and roll uping conference tabular arraies, as though what can non be measured numerically has no value and should hold no topographic point in instruction. Yet the best things in instruction frequently can non readily be measured in this manner. ‘
Dockrell and Black ( 1980 ) pick up on this subject of cogency and dependability but their focal point is assessment in the affectional sphere. Dockrell and Black ( 1980 ) argue that this sort of appraisal is good for the success of the pupil ‘s patterned advance in their educational experience. Assessing person ‘s public assistance and fixing lessons to suit all pupils sat in forepart of them is portion of the pupil centred course of study at The Community College Whitstable. Teachers are expected to compose studies three times a twelvemonth on every kid they teach measuring both ability and attitude although this does non travel towards their concluding class it can move as a tool to measure the pupil ‘s advancement. Every kid must be taught to the best of their ability is the mantra at the college. Although I do non hold with the current instruction system in Britain one hundred per cent, there seem to be really small alternate. The 11 plus trial that is conducted in the Kent District is designed to divide the brighter pupils from the less academic to the addition of the Grammar schools. This sort of appraisal has a immense consequence on all secondary schools in Kent, particularly The Community College Whitstable who will hold to choose pupils that have failed or are non eligible. The Tomlinson study ( 2004 ) had promised or set out a new course of study and appraisal that would hold revolutionised our province instruction. The study had identified that GCSE ‘s and A’Levels needed to be reformed every bit good as vocational instruction for 14 twelvemonth olds. Unfortunately, the reform did non transform the instruction system but was merely brought in a moire downed degree. Sir Richard Sykes ( 2010, p3 ) argues:
‘We therefore present a treatment and a set of recommendations which if adopted would, we believe, help to right the balance between instruction and appraisal. ‘
The new specification for all BTEC classs has been renewed as of September 2010, this follows a whole shingle up of the QCA model and the regulating organic structures that preside over the way of our making system in Britain. It remains to be seen whether this will convey the alteration that will bridge the spread between pupil ‘s advancement and an instruction system that is envied throughout the universe.
In decision Reflective Practice enables one to see their professional function as a instructor and within society. It is of import that we as instructors and professionals encourage pupils to accomplish all that they can in the instruction system and to go life long scholars. It is of import that we encourage pupils to non merely larn what the course of study has offered them but to widen their acquisition. The essay has researched the course of study of The Community College Whitstable and how it has adapted to the alterations of a tiered school system through conference tabular arraies and appraisals such as the Eleven Plus. Schools such as The Community College Whitstable will hold to continually excel their outlooks if they are to last in this Capitalist State System. Brookfield ‘s Four Lenses is an of import starting point for contemplation in 1s ain professional pattern and this can set the teacher/professional onto the route of true satisfaction of 1s ain pattern. Curriculum political orientations have played an of import portion in Britain and the World ‘s instruction system. This essay has focussed on instrumentalism and how this affects The Community College Whitstable and how it has played an of import portion in Britain ‘s Education System. This essay has identified and developed a cognition and apprehension of appraisals in our State Education System. It has identified how these appraisals are being used in a vocational sense through BTEC makings at The Community College Whitstable. It is of import to understand Britain ‘s instruction system, political orientations and cardinal beliefs as this will enable the instructor to come on and to do sense of educational alteration. Schools such as The Community College Whitstable have benefited from political orientation, political invasion and course of study development because more pupils are now come ining 6th signifier and traveling on to university or higher instruction than of all time before. Schools play an of import portion when educating the pupil and the local community, it is the start of womb-to-tomb acquisition for some pupils. Comparing the instruction system of the 1970 ‘s to the present twenty-four hours, pupils have a greater advantage because schools are now set up to profit the pupil. The Community College Whitstable offers a huge scope of makings that would be the enviousness of many states.

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