Sample Selection and Application

 
Sample Selection and Application 
You will enter Sentinel City® via the link to begin your virtual experience by taking a bus tour of Sentinel City®. 
Sentinel City® is a city just like your neighborhood.  People live there from culturally diverse backgrounds.  They vary in age, gender, and income level.  Nurse researchers are unable to study the entire world so they choose “groups” or populations to study that actually mirror the population of interest.  Your role is to experience the city and identify the “neighborhood” or sample that would provide the best place to study:

Geriatrics
South East Asians
Poverty
Pediatrics

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Once you have identified the neighborhoods, complete an analysis of any evidence-based practice intervention that applies to one population of your choice and describe how you would implement this in the Sentinel City® neighborhood. Remember, use resources that are interprofessional, evidence-based and focus on improving health outcomes. 
Helpful tips:
Don’t forget to view the Sentinel City navigation tips.  After choosing an avatar you may be able to teleport to the various areas by utilizing the interactive map. 

How do I find out about the people who live in each neighborhood?  How do I find out who lives here?  How do I find the city population?

As you ride through the city you will be able to access the population statistics for each neighborhood. It will open on the left.  You may pause the bus to view.  You may also teleport to an area and choose the information icon.

Where can I find information on seniors?

You may pause the bus and select the rotating icon for specifics about seniors in the city

What information is available about healthcare use in Sentinel City®?

The Sentinel City® Healthcare System data is accessible by selecting the rotating icon.  This selection will take you to a menu that has information on dentistry, vision, emergency, ambulatory care, integrated services, inpatient, pharmacy, and elderly.

How do I know whom to sample for a research study?

The researcher will often choose a population that contains the most number of subjects who have the study topic.  For instance, to study children choose the area with the most children

Where does a nurse find evidence-based practice recommendations?

Visit the American Nurses Association

Question: What type of health promoting activity is interprofessional?

Think broadly consider nutrition (diet), Activity (exercise), Dental health, etc.

Review these core competencies:

Evidence-Based Practice – Core Competencies: Demonstrate an understanding of the basic elements of the research process and models for applying evidence to clinical practice. 
Sample Selection: Participate in the process of retrieval, appraisal, and synthesis of evidence in collaboration with other members of the healthcare team to improve patient outcomes. 
Interprofessional EBP Guidelines: Integrate evidence, clinical judgment, interprofessional perspectives, and patient preferences in planning, implementing, and evaluating outcomes of care. 
Interprofessional EBP Guidelines: Collaborate in the collection, documentation, and dissemination of evidence. 
Explore Research Literature for EBP Guidelines: Acquire an understanding of the process for how nursing and related healthcare quality and safety measures are developed, validated, and endorsed. 
Application of the PICO Model to Nursing Care: Describe mechanisms to resolve identified practice discrepancies between identified standards and practice that may adversely impact patient outcomes. 

Suggested Reading
Read: Houser, J. (2018).  Nursing research:  Readings, using & creating evidence (4th ed.).  Burlington, MA:  Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Chapter 7, p. 157-185
Chapter 8, p. 189-226
Chapter 9, 229-252

Valerio, M. A., Rodriguez, N., Winkler, P., Lopez, J., Dennison, M., & Yuanyuan Liangrbara, J. T. (2016). Comparing two sampling methods to engage hard-to-reach communities in research priority setting. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 16 doi:http://dx.doi.org.americansentinel.idm.oclc.org/10.1186/s12874-016-0242-z
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