Medical Homework 4

HCM 205 Module Four Worksheet

Neurology and Endocrinology

Write the definition of the medical words.

· thymitis

· adenoma

· insulin

· glucocorticoid

· progesterone

· hyperthyroidism

· hypothyroidism

· CRF

· FBS

· catecholamines

· hypoglossal nerve

· vestibulocochlear (acoustic) nerve

· parasympathetic

· sympathetic

· neurotransmitters

· olfactory nerve

· trigeminal nerve

· abducens nerve

· oculomotor nerve

· optic nerve

Word Surgery

Directions: Read the medical word. Break the medical word into its word parts and give the meaning of each word part. Then give the definition of the medical word.

· endocrine

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· acromegaly

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· hyperthyroidism

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· androgen

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· endocrinology

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· somatotropin

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· hyperesthesia

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· meningomyelocele

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· neuritis

Suffix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· hydrocephalus

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Root and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· neurology

Suffix and its meaning:

Combining form and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

· aphagia

Suffix and its meaning:

Prefix and its meaning:

Medical word definition:

Provide the correct medical term for each of the following:

· loss/lack of strength:

· excessive acidity of body fluids:

· pertaining to the cerebellum:

· a clot that travels:

· abnormally small head:

· a nerve cell:

· pertaining to the pancreas:

· pertaining to touch:

· also called antidiuretic hormone:

· also called a CVA:

· physician specializing in anesthesia:

· inflammation of several nerves:

Abbreviation Matchup

Match the abbreviation to the definition. Select an answer from the column on the right and write the correct letter on the blank.

· basal metabolic rate          

· diabetes mellitus          

· growth hormone          

· glucose tolerance test          

· potassium          

· cerebral palsy          

· cerebrospinal fluid          

· centimeter          

· cerebrovascular accident          

· herniated disk syndrome          

a. DM

b. GTT

c. GH

d. CSF

e. HDS

f. CP

g. CVA

h. BMR

i. K

j. cm

Spelling Challenge

Spell each term correctly in the space provided.

Incorrect SpellingCorrect Spelling
· proteen
· thiroyd
· ewthyroid
· adeonoma
· obeesity
· epilegsy
· cerebroom
· sarabellum
· automatic nervous system
· cocygeal spinal nerves

Pronunciation

Provide the phonetic spelling of the terms below. In addition, using a recording tool, such as Vocaroo, record the following medical terms. For support using Vocaroo, refer to the Vocaroo Tutorial document.

TermPhonetic Spelling
· steroids
· hypophysis
· hypogonadism
· diabetes
· estrogen
· cretinism
· craniectomy
· coma
· aphasia
· hypnosis
· hyperesthesia
· intracranial

Place the recording of your pronunciation of the medical terms here:

Fill in the Blank

· The endocrine system is made up of __________ that secrete __________.

· Many pathological conditions are caused by or associated with __________ or__________ of specific hormones of the endocrine system.

· The __________ known as the master gland.

· Neurons are __________.

· Neuroglia are __________.

· Motor neurons may be described as being __________ processes because they transmit impulses away from the neural cell body to the muscles or organs to be innervated.

· Sensory neurons are sometimes referred to as __________ because they carry impulses from the sensory receptors to the synaptic endings in the central nervous system.

Case Study

To begin, review the medical record located in the Practical Application sections of Chapter 13 and Chapter 14 in the textbook. Then, using the record, answer the questions below. Note: The questions below are different from the questions in the textbook.

Chapter 13

· Who did Matthew state takes insulin in his family?

· What do the medical terms polydipsia, polyphagia, and polyuria mean?

· According to Matthew’s family history, who has heart disease?

· What two lab test were ordered to rule out diabetes?

· What type of seminar was recommended for Matthew to attend?

Chapter 14

· What is Mr. Brown’s diagnosis?

· Mr. Brown has a mild tremor. Which arm is worse?

· How is his gait characterized?

· How long has Mr. Brown been taking the drug Sinemet 25–100 mg?

· What did Mr. Brown’s neurological exam indicate?

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