Discussion

This week builds on that foundational awareness with a focus on the application of evidence-based practice models as a strategy to improve patient safety and other quality dimensions. In this Discussion, consider how these strategies can sustain practice changes.

To prepare:

Read: Newhouse, R.P. (2007) Diffusing confusion among evidence-based practice, quality improvement and research. JONA 37,432-535 (see attached pdf)

Read: Mazurek Melynk B., Gallagher-Ford, L., English Long, L., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2014) The establishment of Evidence-Based practice competencies for practicing registered nurses and advanced practice nurses in real world clinical settings: proficiencies to improve healthcare quality, reliability, patient outcomes, and costs. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing 11(1),5-15. (see attached pdf)

We all agree that research is the highest form of reliable evidence, when implemented in an organization that provides the basis for an evidence based practice. FIND a research study published in a peer reviewed journal related to a clinical practice problem that is of interest to you, and which would ultimately contribute to an evidence based practice.

The discussion assignment:

ANSWER the following discussion questions. Include the research study in your post (attach it to the post and post it in doc sharing). See page 11 #15 in Mazurek Melynk, Gallagher Ford, English Long and Fineout-Overholt. In this assignment, you are being asked to critically appraise a single research study for its relevance to a QI practice problem.

Discussion questions:

1) What was the purpose of the research?

2) Identify the independent and dependent variables in the study.

3) Briefly describe the research design, data collection method(s), and instruments used to measure the variables under study.

4) Briefly summarize study findings, conclusions and recommendations. Do you agree with these?

5) As a DNP prepared nurse, would you recommend a change in nursing practice based on the study? Defend and/or justify your decision based on research evaluation principles. In other words, does the evidence generated by this research article signify a need to change nursing practice? If not, why not; if so, why?

Post by tomorrow Wednesday January 31, 2018 by 10 pm America New/York time

Required Readings

Joshi, M.S., Ransom, E.R., Nash, D.B., & Ransom, S.B., (Eds.). (2014). The Healthcare Quality Book, 3rd ed. Chicago, IL: Health Administration Press.

  • Chapter 14: “Leadership      for Quality”
  • Chapter 16: “Implementing Quality as the Core      Organizational Strategy”

Baur, C. (2011). Calling the nation to act: Implementing the national action plan to improve health literacy. Nursing Outlook, 59(2), 63–69.

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

This article describes the aspects of the National Action Plan to Improve Health Literacy. It starts by covering the background and objectives of the plan and then moves to its vision and goals.

Ferrara, L. R. (2010). Integrating evidence-based practice with educational theory in clinical practice for nurse practitioners: Bridging the theory practice gap. Research & Theory for Nursing Practice, 24(4), 213–216.

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

The author of this article discusses using constructivist theory to teach nurse practitioner students to use evidenced-based practice. She focuses on introducing the student’s theoretical knowledge into real-life practice.

Grant, B., Colello, S., Riehle, M., & Dende, D. (2010). An evaluation of the nursing practice environment and successful change management using the new generation Magnet Model. Journal of Nursing Management, 18(3), 326–331. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2834.2010.01076.x

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Health care organizations have implemented the Magnet Model as a way to successfully implement practice change. This article examines the aspects of this process.

Lavoie-Tremblay, M., Bonin, J.-P., Lesage, A., Farand, L., Lavigne, G. L., & Trudel, J. (2011). Implementation of diagnosis-related mental health problems: Impact on health care providers. Health Care Manager, 30(1), 30(1): 4-14 (50 ref). doi:10.1097/HCM.0b013e3182078a95

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

The study within this article analyzes two cases related to the implementation of diagnosis-related mental health programs.

Mark, D. D., Latimer, R. W., & Hardy, M. D. (2010). “Stars” aligned for evidence-based practice: a TriService initiative in the Pacific. Nursing Research, 59(1), S48–S57. doi:10.1097/01.NNR.0000313506.22722.53

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

Nurses from a military health care system in Hawaii established ways to use and evaluate evidence-based practices. This article details the process and results of this collaborative effort between the Army, Air Force, and Navy.

Scobbie, L., Dixon, D., & Wyke, S. (2011). Goal setting and action planning in the rehabilitation setting: Development of a theoretically informed practice framework. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25(5), 468–482. doi:10.1177/0269215510389198

Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.

In order to develop a theory-based framework for setting goals, the authors of this article use casual modeling to determine effective patient outcomes. They identify four major components of the framework that can be used to set effective goals.

Optional Resources

Schifalacqua, M. M., Mamula, J., & Mason, A. R. (2011). Return on investment imperative: the cost of care calculator for an evidence-based practice program. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 35(1), 15–20. 

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