APHG Chapter 6 1. Universalizing religions- A religion that attempts to appeal to all people, not just those living in a particular location. 2. Branch- A large and fundamental division within a religion. 3. Denomination- A division of a branch that unites a number of local congregations into a single legal and administrative body. 4. Sect- A relatively small group that has Brocken away from an established denomination. 5. Christianity- 6. Islam- 7. Buddhism- 8. Martin Luther- 9. Protestantism- 10.
Ethnic religion- A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated. 11. Monotheism- The doctrine or belief of the existence of only one god. 12. Polytheism- Belief in or worship of more than one god. 13. Animism- Belief that objects, such as plants or stones, or natural events, like thunderstorms and earthquakes, have a discrete spirit and conscious life. 14. Hinduism- 5. Hearth- The center at which something has originated. 16. Missionary- An individual who helps to diffuse a universalizing religion. 17. Pagan- A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times. 18. Ghetto- During the middle ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure. 19. Pilgrimage- A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes. 0. Cosmogony- A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe. 21. Solstice- Astronomical event that happens twice a year, when the tilt of the earth’s axis is most inclined toward or away from the sun causing the suns apparent position in the sky to reach it most northernmost or southernmost extreme , resulting in the shortest an longest days of the year. 22. Sacred structures- 23. Church- 24. Mosque- 25. Temple- 26. Pagoda- 27. Cemetery- 28. Cremation- 29. Catacombs- 0. Utopian Settlement- 31. Autonomous religion- A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally. 32. Hierarchical religion- A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control. 33. Roman Catholic hierarchy- 34. Fundamentalism- Literal interpretation and strict inherence to basic principles of a religion. 35. Caste- The class or distinct hereditary order into which a Hindu is assigned according to religious law.