Answer to essay-200 words minimum (MR)

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Haitian and Iranian Heritages
Haiti and Iran have some rich heritage when it comes to their geographical localization, the economy, topography politics, and health care beliefs. Located on the island of Hispaniola, the Republic of Haiti rests on the east of Cuba and has its capital city at Port –au- Prince. The country is the third-largest state in the Caribbean, after Cuba and The Dominican Republic. Haitians speak both Haitian Creole and French as their official languages.  On the other hand, the Islamic Republic of Iran is located in the west of Asia and has its capital in Tehran. It is occupied by several Farsi speaking people, though there are many other languages and dialects. Iran is one of the countries with the longest living continuous civilizations, having houses that date back in time. According to Purnell and Fenkl (2019), both countries have quite a population, with Haiti being 10.9 million, while Iran is 81.6 million in the year 2018. 
Geographical Location and Topography
 Iran is part of the Middle East and is the second biggest country in the region after Saudi Arabia. The nation shares borders with other Islamic states such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Armenia. The nation’s biggest shared border is with Iraq, which covers 1,458 kilometers, while its shortest border is with Armenia spreading only 22 kilometers. Most of Iran’s topography comprises mountainous terrain with various mountains and plateaus such as Mount Damavand and the Zagros Mountains. What is more, the country also has a vast coastline, with access to three of the most prominent water bodies in the Middle East, namely; The Persian Gulf to the North, The Caspian Sea, & The Oman Gulf which is further south. 
Haiti, on the other hand, is made up of many small islands such as the Gonave and Tortuga Islands. The country is part of the Caribbean Sea and is a close neighbor to the Dominican Republic. Its geography features a refreshing tropical climate, and climatic variations of the state vary with the specific altitude as you move from one corner of the island to another. 
Politics and the Economy
 Iran has remained an Islamic state since the end of the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Following this revolution, ultimate political control was vested in the hands of supreme leader Ayatollah Khomeni. The supreme leader has since been succeeded by Ayatollar Ali Khamenei, who has since been declared supreme leader for life (Razavi & Zeynodini, 2019). In his position, the Supreme Leader appoints military, media and judiciary heads. What’s more, the leader also confirms the election of the President whose primary responsibility is to head the government. The current President namely; Hassan Rouhani, ascended into power in the year 2013. Terrorism has been a significant threat to the stabilization of the country. The effects of terrorism arose the Iranian Revolution, which made the people as conservative as they are to date. The impact of terrorism on ordinary people leads to food shortages and a lack of employment, which affects their economy (Razavi & Zeynodini, 2019).  The country has the Iranian Rial as its currency.
Haiti, on its part, has flirted with political instability at various times. The country has witnessed election disputes between the government and its officials on multiple occasions, in effect risking the country’s image and democratic process. A president heads the country by the name of President Jovenel Moise, who was elected into power in 2017 and is currently sitting. The state, just like any other central government, has an army to protect its borders and is ruled by a semi-presidential government. This is to mean it has a president as the head of state, who selects a prime minister to be the overall leader of the government. Haiti has its currency in Haitian Gourde, and the country is dependent on agriculture.
Health Care Beliefs and Relationship with Religious Beliefs
 Haiti is a Christian country, made up of a dominant number of Catholic Christians (Louis, 2019). The country’s religious beliefs do not conflict with health care providers as the people believe they should visit the hospital when they get sick. With the acknowledgement of the hospitals, there are challenges faced by these people due to environmental problems. Such ecological challenges are the effects of landslides, and to a large extent, the results of the earthquakes. The challenges contribute to poor sanitation, food insecurity, and overpopulation. Iran, on the other hand, is a purely Muslim nation. They do not have religious constraints to health delivery systems and have some of the mosques construct dispensaries to provide health care services.
How both Countries View Illness, Health and Death Concepts
 In Iran, the government has allocated a specific amount of funds for its citizens’ medical purposes of receiving medical attention. The government advocates for one to visit the nearest health facility in case of illness. The country being a Muslim state, believes that everyone will have to die at one point; they believe in life after death, and that everyone who dies will have to meet with their maker in their next life (Cheraghi, Payne, & Salsali, 2005). In Haiti, the government has placed similar policies and funds for the health care of its citizens. However, with the country’s current situation, it is hard to achieve a proper health delivery system. The country experiences fundamental issues such as corruption, which allocates funds for health care a problem. There are instances of misuse of funds by officials, making citizens receive less health care services.
 In conclusion, both countries have a common ground on how they suffer. Iran has experienced terrorism and its threats, protests, and political unrest that have claimed its citizens’ lives. Haiti, on the other end, has suffered political instability, earthquakes, disease outbreaks, and other major economic crisis. Both countries have to weigh in on matters of health and channel more resources on improving their health delivery systems. They both need to add more resources to the ones available to ensure that every citizen has access to decent and quality health care.
References
Cheraghi, M. A., Payne, S., & Salsali, M. (2005). Spiritual aspects of end-of-life care for Muslim patients: experiences from Iran. International journal of palliative nursing, 11(9), 468-474
Louis Jr, B. M. (2019). Haiti’s Pact with the Devil? Bwa Kayiman, Haitian Protestant Views of Vodou, and the Future of Haiti. Religions, 10(8), 464
Purnell, L. D., &Fenkl, E. A. (2019). People of Haitian Heritage. In Handbook for Culturally Competent Care (pp. 173-185). Springer, Cham.
Razavi, S. M., &Zeynodini, F. (2019). Economic Sanctions and Protection of Fundamental Human Rights: A Review of the ICJ’s Ruling on Alleged Violations of the Iran-US Treaty of Amity. Pac. Rim L. &Pol’y J., 29, 303. https://digitalcommons.law.uw.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1833&context=wilj

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