Following disasters, individuals within the affected community may have varying emotional reactions. It is normal to see a degree of panic within the community when the disaster is occurring. Panic is the sudden onset of excited feelings brought on by the fear of impending danger; this is what causes people to run franticly from buildings or the scene of a disaster in search of refuge(Faulkner, 2018)
Shock is defined as a period of disbelief that may render a person incapable of typical thought processes or role function; this usually sets in once the imminent danger of the disaster has ended. This is a very typical reaction following a disastrous event and, while usually temporary, may have a profound impact on a person’s sense of normalcy and control. If the initial shock of the event does not dissipate, the emotional strain may lead to long-term mental disorders such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Faulkner 2018).
There are a plethora of faith-based, nonprofit organizations that provide support during disaster relief throughout the United States. Each organization provides resources such as food, water, and basic necessities as well as volunteer relief workers who assist in many capacities and work in conjunction with government agencies to assist victims of disasters when they occur. In addition, many of these organizations provide training and assistance in the planning process to help improve efforts when the next disaster hits. These faith-based organizations provide support and assistance following their religious doctrines that speak largely of compassion, caring, and helping the less fortunate (Faulkner, 2018).
Maintaining hope and religious involvement after a disaster are associated with better health outcomes. People are scared and turn to spiritual guidance in time of need, and may feel a sense of helplessness and powerless . Nurses working with the victims can advocate for the spiritual needs of patients by locating the chaplain whenever possible and facilitating the incorporation of spiritual practices that do not interfere with patient safety or the course of treatment to provide comfort. Reaching beyond spiritual guidance, chaplains are trained to provide psychological support. Chaplains are valuable members of society, providing counsel and comfort to the shocked, grieving, and emotionally devastated victims in disasters (Faulkner, 2018).
Using 200-300 words APA format with references in supporting this discussion.
What spiritual considerations surrounding a disaster can arise for individuals, communities, and health care providers? Explain your answer in the context of a natural or manmade disaster. How can a community health nurse assist in the spiritual care of the individual, community, self, and colleagues?