Decision Analysis Final Assignment

You are asked to develop and write a report to assess the following case study from El Mejicano
The directors of El Mejicano, a fast food chain of restaurants based in Barcelona, were considering whether to begin the promotion for their new line of
menus earlier than originally planned. “I think we should go ahead with the price cuts,” Pedro Morales said. “After all, it couldn’t hurt! At the very worst, we’ll sell
these menus cheap for a little longer than we had planned, and on the other side we could beat Panchito to the punch. Panchito is the most important competitor
of El Mejicano in Barcelona and they are also a fast food chain specialized in Mexican food. “That’s really the question, isn’t it?” replied Ana Perales, the
marketing manager of the firm. “If Panchito really is planning their own menus promotion, and we start our promotion now, we would beat them to the punch.
On the other hand, we might provoke a price war. And you know what a price war with that company means. We spend a lot of money and resources fighting
with each other. There’s no real winner. We both just end up with less profit.”
Manuel Pereira, the finance manager for El Mejicano, piped up, “The consumer wins in a menus price war. They get to buy things cheaper for a while.
We ought to be able to make something out of that.”
Antonia Lozano, CEO for El Mejicano, looked at the finance manager thoughtfully. “You’ve shown good sense in situations like these, Manuel. How do
you see it?”
Manuel hesitated. He didn’t like being put on the spot like this. “You all know what the sales projections of menus are for the 4-week promotion as
planned. Ana Perales tells us to expect sales of 2 million euros. The objective is to gain at least 2 percentage points of market share of the fast food market in
Barcelona, but our actual gain could be anywhere from nothing to three points. Profits during the promotion are expected to be down by 10%, but after the
promotion ends, our increased market share should result in more sales and more profits.”
Pedro Morales, the sales manager, broke in. “That’s assuming Panchito doesn’t come back with their own promotion in reaction to ours. And you know
what our report is from Laura Valencia. She says that he figures Panchito is up to something.”
“Yes, Laura did say that. But you have to remember that Laura works for our advertising agent. Her incentive is to sell advertising. And if she thinks she
can talk us into spending more money, she will. Furthermore, you know, she isn’t always right. Last time she told us that Panchito was going to start a major
campaign, he had the dates right, but it was for a different menu line altogether.”
Manuel thought for a bit. If he were working at Panchito and saw an unexpected promotion begin, how would he react? Would he want to cut prices to
match the competition? Would he try to stick with the original plans? Finally, he said, “Look, we have to believe that Panchito also has some horse sense. They
would not want to get involved in a price war if they could avoid it. At the same time, they aren’t going to let us walk away with the market. I think that if we move
early, there’s about a 30 % chance that they will react immediately, and we’ll be in a price war before we know it.”
“We don’t have to react to their reaction, you know,” replied Antonia.
“You mean,” asked Ana Perales, “we have another meeting like this to decide what to do if they do react?”
“Right.” “So,” Manuel said, “I guess our immediate options are to start our promotion early or rather start it later. If we start it now, we risk a strong reaction from Panchito. If they do react, then we can decide at that point whether we want to cut our prices further.”
Ana Perales spoke up. “But if Panchito reacts strongly and we don’t, we would probably end up just spending our money for nothing. We would gain no market share at all. We might even lose some market share. If we were to cut prices further, it might hurt profits, but at least we would be able to preserve what market share gains we had made before Panchito’s initial reaction.”
At this point, several people began to argue among themselves. Sensing that no resolution was immediately forthcoming, Antonia Lozano adjourned the meeting, asking everyone to sleep on the problem and to call her with any suggestions or insights they had.

1) Would you add a different alternative to the given decision-making alternatives? From your point of view, what other decision variables would you also take into account in this important decision-making for el Mejicano?
2) Develop and draw a decision tree and an influence diagram for this decision analysis. What roles do the two diagrams play in helping to understand and communicate the framework and structure of this decision-making to the team of directors?
3) Based on the information in the case, what are El Mejicano’s objectives in this decision-making?
4) Describe and assess the different risks associated to each alternative of the decision making and select your risk preference or tendency to choose a risky or less risky option.

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