Criminology assignment help services: Criminology is one of the courses offered in the Universities and colleges that involves the study of concepts of crime in the society. In its definition crime is anything that is done in an unlawful manner. The unlawful acts which can also be termed as social disorders in the society are a subject to punishment which are well stipulated in law.
Students undertaking this course are expected to have clear knowledge on different concepts of crime and how it should be treated. From time to time the students are expected to handle various forms of criminology assignments by their professors. In this case students who experience some difficulties in handling the assignments result to seeking of alternative help from experts. This website provides such students with a platform to access assistance from our team of professional writers.
Our team of professionals are graduates from top Universities across the world with different diverse skills that they have acquired for many years. The individuals who deals with criminology assignments among us are well versed with knowledge and skills in the study of crimes. One of the major task to a writer of a criminology paper is to compile various scientific approaches towards the study of crimes.
Compiling different views of philosophers needs skills and broad knowledge in different aspects such as social, environmental, economic and psychological to be able to analyze and compose a criminology paper. Many students who work with us get the advantage of getting quality work from the experts. We usually conduct extensive research on the many aspects in criminology to extract relevant materials to be composed in the assignments. In the criminology assignment help, we focus on providing a comprehensive assessment on criminology perspective on any topic given to us, to help the student score top grades.
The study of criminology led to the categorization of different forms of crime and how punishment can be done to the offenders. The following are the major categories:
The study of criminology deals with the analysis crime and how to contain it in accordance with the laws. It also focusses on factors that contribute to the rise of criminal behaviors and he measures that can be taken to effectively control such crimes. Analyzing the criminal concepts, however, needs the account of other findings and theories of sociologists, psychologists, jurists, and psychiatrists before reaching an effective solution in the administration of justice.
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Fountainessays.com Assists Students in all Kinds of Law Assignments.Criminology is a scientific approach towards the study of crimes. Different philosophers put their views in their own way making the topic too vast. To compile all their views we need to refer to criminology assignment help service. As the study of criminology is a combination of social, environmental, economical and psychological aspects, it is tough to cover and analyze all the aspects to conclude a final criminology assignment. Thus, we research all these aspects thoroughly and try to provide the students and the researchers with online criminology assignment help.
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Students availing criminology assignment help services primarily need to understand the concept of crime. Our experts in the following sections will help you understand the concept of crime and its allied chapters.
The infringement of the standard and the cherished norms of the society are termed as a crime. An individual who fails to follow such norms is called anti-socials. According to Blackstone, crime is an act done or omitted which is in violation with the public law (BEIRNE, 2013). Stephen, who edited the definition of Blackstone, said that crime is a violation of a right with evil tendencies against the community at large.
Another philosopher Sutherland described the crime as a symptom of social disorganization. Halsbury explained that crime an unlawful act against the public order and such unlawful act must be subjected to punishment (Mansley, 2014). Keeton defined crime as an undesirable act which could be conveniently corrected by the State by inflicting a penalty on the offender or any remedy at the discretion of the aggrieved party (Keeton, 2015). Thus, after examining the definitions, we find that crime has three fundamental characteristics –
• It is a harm caused to the society from any unlawful or anti-social acts of an individual or individuals.
• The State is supposed to maintain and supervise the law and order of such state by inflicting punishment on such wrongdoer. The State must take preventive measures from the commission of crimes.
• The rules that determine the guilt of the person must be in accordance with the law of the land for the time being in force. Halsbury definition has been considered the most appropriate and precise definition of crime as it has all the elements of certainty and the elements to determine the offenders and the violation of crime.
Prominently there are three kinds of crime. Predatory crime, inchoate crime and hate crime.
• Predatory crime is conspicuous in nature in which the whole society reacts at the exploitation of the victim. Few examples of predatory crimes are dacoity, theft, extortion, kidnap and others.
• Incohate crimes are those which are committed to giving effect to some other crime such as criminal conspiracy, abetment of murder, attempt to grievous hurt and others.
• Hate crime is a different concept of crime in which the victims are not individuals but a community at a large. A peculiar characteristic of hate crime is the crime committed without any motivation. It is generally oriented by race, religion, gender and other ethics. In other words, hate crimes are committed against the vulnerable or the racial or minority religious groups of people.
Apart from these crimes, there are certain crimes in which there is no direct victim. These kinds of crimes are called victimless crimes. They do not have any direct effect on the other people even then the offenders are punished under the law for committing such acts, as those acts are considered illegal as they are contrary to the moral and economic interest of the society. In UK, drunkenness in the public place, bestiality, selling prohibited articles such as drugs are punishable by law.
With the advent of the study of criminology, efforts were made to classify crimes and criminals so that a rational standard could be reached for categorizing different punishment for the different categories of offenders or crimes.
Under English Law, crimes have been broadly classified into two categories – felonies and misdemeanours (Stephen, 2014).
• Felonies crimes are crimes of serious nature, which are punishable with imprisonment for life or with the death sentence.
• Misdemeanours crimes are less serious in nature, which is punishable by confinement in prisons for comparatively less period or with fines or both.
Later, three additional classifications were made
• A crime against property,
• A crime against a person, and
• A crime against the State.
In the USA, crime has been categorized under 29 heads ranging from murder to runaway juveniles and narcotics.
Now let us discuss the definition of criminology. The term criminology is the combination of two words. Crimen is a Latin word, and logia is a Greek word. Etymologically the term criminology means the scientific study of nature, scope, extent, causes, and control of the criminal behaviour of the individuals in a community.
According to Donald Taft, Criminology is the scientific analysis and observation of crime and criminals, and Penology is the study of punishment and the treatment of the offenders. He said the concept of penology is an early concept than criminology as earlier the State emphasized on the punishment and the treatment of the offenders rather than the scientific approach towards the causation of crime (Zainoddin, 2015).
Sutherland came up with a comprehensive definition where he defined criminology as the body of knowledge of delinquency and defined crime as a social phenomenon. He included the process of making law and breaking law within the concept of criminology. He described criminology as the body of verified principles and other knowledge related to the crime, reaction to crime and the process of law (Kautt & Pease, 2013).
As stated by Coleman and Norris, criminology is the analysis of nature, perpetrators, and causes of crimes and includes formulation and the enforcement of criminal laws and evaluation of the ways in which crimes can be controlled in the society (Coleman & Norris, 2013).
We essentially need to focus on the nature and scope of criminology in the criminology assignment. Enrico Ferri observed that most of the developing countries actively engage in safeguarding the interest of the community from crimes and criminals by adopting an effective criminal policy (Taylor et al., 2013). The success of Social Defence theory which aims at eliminating crimes from the community depends upon the efficient administration of the criminal law in that country.
The criminologists are aiming to provide a uniform penal system for all the countries and the proper administration of prisons, reformative institutions, courts and police for the minimization of the instances of crime. For the effective control of the causation of crime, the factors that give rise to crimes or the factors that influence the minds of the offenders to commit the crime must be taken into consideration (Shute 2014).
In criminology, the center of attention is the different aspects of crimes and the different measures to treat the criminals. This also includes the overall study for the reformation of the penal system ranging from the parole and probation systems to indeterminate sentence, open prisons and the other reformative institutions. If a criminal is adequately reformed and is assisted in his rehabilitation, then his chances of repeating a crime diminish and therefore he may no longer be a threat to the society. Thus, criminology aims towards the development of the society as a whole.
The modern criminologists have agreed Criminology is the scientific approach towards crime and criminals in which the effects of criminality can be effectively controlled by the proper administration of criminal justice. The criminals must be reformed and treated individually to suppress the instances of criminality.
Ceasare Lombroso pointed out that the criminals were physically inferior and different from those of the normal people. This theory threw light on the concept of modern criminology. Sutherland pointed out that a person tends to acquire criminal characteristics when exposed to or comes in association with other criminals. This theory was termed as criminal sociology (Friedrichs, 2015). Professor Jerman explained the psychology of the criminals to commit crimes.
They have mental and personality conflicts out of frustrations, depressions, anxiety and other functional deviations which give rise to criminal intention among them. However, to safeguard the society from the threats of anti-social acts both the concept of criminology and penology must go hand in hand. Few criminologists believe that the causes of criminality can be cured by the society and other sociological and environmental factors.
The study of criminology is based on two cardinal principles (Rovira, 2015).
• Firstly, nullum crimen sine lege which means no person will be charged with any criminal activities unless law expressly forbids such an act and the individual had such criminal intention to perform it.
• Secondly, nulla poena sine lege states that a person can be punished under legal system only if such act is punishable under the existing penal system of the land. The concept of criminology is the combined study of legal, scientific, social, biological as well psychological factors.
The sociologists examine the factors that contribute to the delinquent tendencies in individuals. There are biological factors that contribute to the delinquent tendencies in an individual. This theory was called the will theory, which was advocated by Beccaria. He argued that certain individuals are born criminals, and they are normally the incorrigible ones and must be kept away from the society. Every individual is the master of his free will and such incorrigible individuals resort to criminal activities out of their free will and intelligence (Taylor et al., 2013).
However, Lombroso and Trade challenged this theory and argued that no person is a born criminal. Every individual is a biological creature who tries to survive in the community by adjusting himself to the environment. Thus, when he fails to adjust himself in the community or the circumstances makes it difficult for him to survive then he resorts to criminal activities as the ultimate option left before him and not out of his choice. He is rather forced by the circumstances to step into criminality (Thornberry, 2012).
Thus, the environment where a person resides plays an important role in the causation of crime. Prof. Sutherland commented that the industrialization has accelerated the growth of crime due to overpopulation, the disintegration of joint families, increase in women employment and advancement of technologies, which has loosened the parental control as well as emotional ties (John-Stevas, 2016). The liberal legislation for divorce has increased sexual offenses.
The urge for political powers has increased political crimes extremely. Thus, the study of criminology is not confined to the behavioral activities of the criminals, but it includes the study of crimes, the causes of crimes and necessary measures to fight back and control crimes. Thus, the modern criminologists have a rather realistic and scientific approach towards crimes and criminals. They treat crimes as a social phenomenon and analyses the punishments as either treatment or preventive measures as its ultimate object.
The recent study of criminology aims to study and analyze each case of crimes and suggests methods to instil the feelings of mutual respect, confidence, and co-operation among the criminals. The modern penological reforms and liberal legislation of punishments have afforded for the successful rehabilitation of the offenders in the society.
The intensive aftercare programs and the introduction of the parole and probation systems in the modern penology have brought significant success in the reformation of the offenders as law-abiding citizens. In our criminology assignment writing service, the following are the other important achievements of the modern criminology-